Mac’s currently ship with Python 2.7 as the default install. The ArcGIS API for Python requires at least Python 3.5. However, I don’t want to remove 2.7, but rather have the ability to switch between multiple versions of Python.
This is the main goal of pyenv. It is much like ruby’s environment manager (rbenv). You can change the version of python on a
- per user basis
- per project basis
- with an environment variable
Pyenv, however, is not like virtualenv, so we will want to still manage our own virtual environments with pyenv-virtualenv.
I am using homebrew, a package manager for Mac. (see docs)
$ brew update $ brew install pyenv
You can view a full list of Python versions available to install through pyenv here.
Also, to configure pyenv peroperly, add this to your .bash_profile and restart your terminal.
if which pyenv > /dev/null; then eval "$(pyenv init -)"; fi
Let’s go ahead and install python 3.5.0.
$ pyenv install 3.5.0
If we wanted to uninstall, we could do:
$ pyenv uninstall 3.5.0
Set Default Version of Python
Used in all shells
$ pyenv global 3.5.0
For specific application, writes to file called .python-version. This overrides the global version for current directory and all sub-directories.
$ pyenv local 3.5.0
Current shell session
$ pyenv shell 3.5.0
Anaconda is a package manager, environment manager, and Python distribution.
I’m going to install minconda, which is a slimmed down version of anaconda. Lets get the latest version.
$ pyenv install miniconda3-latest $ pyenv local miniconda3-latest
Work within a virtual environment
To keep things clean and orderly, let’s work within a Python virtural environment by installing pyenv-virtualenv
$ brew install pyenv-virtualenv
and add the following to our .bash_profile
eval "$(pyenv virtualenv-init -)"
This should automatically activate out configured python environment when we navigate to the project directory. This is not required, but really useful.
Now, we can create a virtualenv for a specific python version.
$ pyenv virtualenv miniconda3-latest my-conda-venv
This will create a new virtual environment based on the miniconda3-latest Python install in pyenv.
Install arcgis package
First, lets activate our newly created virtual environement based on miniconda.
$ pyenv activate my-conda-venv
Let’s download and install the ArcGIS API in our conda environment.
$ conda install -c esri arcgis
You can test the installation but trying to import the GIS package. You can run an interactive shell by typing python into your termnial.
import arcgis.gis from GIS
When we want to deactivate our Python virtual environment, we can simply type:
$ python deactivate
Jupyter Notebooks are a popular way to visualize and share your code in a readable informative manner. Let’s also install jupyter with our miniconda environment.
$ conda install jupyter
Now, we can run our Jupyter notebook in the browser.
$ jupyter notebook
Create a new file and test your setup with the following example:
from arcgis.gis import GIS gis = GIS() gis.map()
If everything worked properly, you should have now done some really cool things:
- Used pyenv to manage different installations of Python
- Managed virtual environments with pyenv-virtualenv
- Installed miniconda, the lightweight version of anaconda
- Used the conda package manager to install the Python for ArcGIS library
- Installed and ran a local Jupyter notebook server
- Built a small example notebook showcasing the power of Jupyter notebook and ArcGIS
Now, we can confidently play around with new packages and versions of Python without breaking any of the global settings on your mac.